OPEN EDUCATION RESOURCES (OER)
1) What is OER?
Open Education Resources (OER) are any type of educational materials that are legally and free to copy, use, and adapt which can be assessed publicly by everyone. The educational materials that we can assess are textbook, curricula, syllabus, lecture notes, assignment, previous examination questions, audio, games, video, research articles, and teaching aids. Furthermore, OER is introduced with an open licence which the authors give the authority to the public to use their materials for free.
2) State an example of OER?
An example of OER is Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Open course ware project which started in 2002. There are 2,000 MIT courses that public people can access and use them. For instance, the tertiary students can use the course or materials offer by MIT as their supplementary to support their own learning.
3) How does OER can be the innovation in the educational world?
OER can be innovation to the educational world since it is open and free access to everyone. Everyone can share and download the educational materials for free. Besides, teachers can copy, use, and adapt the materials that they can use in their classroom. The teachers also can generate new ideas from OER and apply in their the teaching and learning process.
On the other hand, students especially the tertiary level also can get the benefit from OER since they can watch lecture, get the lecture notes, example of assignments through online.
4) How does the issues of copyright in OER?
OER are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain and have been introduced with open licence. Since the educational materials have the open licence, it will allow everyone to copy, use, share, and adapt their materials without need the copyright permission from the author. Thus, there is no issue regarding the copyright in OER.